A study room is a place for reading and learning, as well as for cultivating oneself through meditation.
A study room is a male-dominant world. Over thousands of years of feudal societies in Chinese history, only men were entitled to learn under the discriminative educational thoughts. Before the modern school came into being, a study shouldered the responsibility of education and serves as the shrine for education.
The horizontal relief-inscribed boards that are hanging up in the hall of the study summarize the standards of the traditional Chinese education.
'The four treasures of the study' on the desk, 'The Four Books and Five Classics' on the bookshelf, 'Rare gems' in the treasure shelf, and 'Calligraphies and paintings of the famous' in the painting holder are some necessities in a study and are considered useful tools of learning.
The old-fashioned armchair in the hall of the study is prepared for the teacher or the parents. The pupil may only seat by side. 'a teacher is the father for lifetime'. Teacher's instructions are to be obeyed as much as the parents', and to which the pupil must listen with respective attention.
'After a long obscurity in study, well-known over the world over a night.' This describes the achievement through the endeavor of learning in a study. The study turns to a place for quiet meditation when the pupil becomes a government official or father in a family, and genuinely fit the saying, 'never too old to learn.'
'Excel in studies brings about fortune and office jobs', such beliefs makes the study room a place of hardship and toil for a man.
Collected from: Jiangxi, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Hebei, Henan, Beijing, Tianjin.
Time span: Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty and Modern Times, for about 500 years.