Qiang Nationality in Brief

Chinese Phonetic Alphabet (Pinyin): qiāng

English Translation1: Qiang

Population & Distribution2: Total population is 309,576, mainly distributed in the area of Sichuan Province.

Spoken and Written Language: They have oral language only which belongs to the Tibetan-Burmese group of Chinese-Tibetan language family.

Major Industry: Qiang people are mainly engaged in agriculture, animal husbandry and shepherd. The name of Qiang means "western shepherd". Therefore, the production and life of Qiang people are closely related to shepherd. Up to now, they still keep the custom of offering "sheep" and cultivate a fine breed called "tong sheep" (brown sheep).

Major Religious Beliefs: To worship ancestors and gods, white stone is the superb token of worship.

Traditional Festivals: Mountain Worship Festival, Qiang New Year Festival and Dragon Boat Festival.

Traditional Diet: Sip wine, corn and rice mixture, potato cake, smoked pork.

Traditional Folk Art: Wine song, folk song, labor song, sheepskin drum dance, Qiang flute, plate bell, etc.

Traditional Sports: Pole pushing, egg grabbing.

The red color is profound interest and regarded as mascot of luck. Hanging red is their supreme protocol and is known as a tradition of red esteem. Qiang people have unique medical history and experience. Their exquisite blockhouse building art is well known.

Note 1: The English names of nationalities are compiled according to the usage of the Internet and written materials.

Note 2: The distribution of ethnic population and regions is cited from the computer aggregated data of the 2010 census of China.

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