Salar Nationality in Brief
Chinese Phonetic Alphabet (Pinyin): sā lā
English Translation1: Salar
Population & Distribution2: Total population is 130,607, mainly distributed in the area of Qinghai Province.
Spoken and Written Language: They have their own language which is the the Turkic group of the Altaic language family, but no script preserved.
Major Industry: Salar people engaged in Agriculture. Courtyard planting is widely spread. Chili and pepper are the two specialties in Salar inhabit regions.
Major Religious Beliefs: Salar people believe in Islam.
Traditional Festivals: Their major festivals include Id al-Fitr, Id al-Adha, and Mawlid.
Traditional Diet: Cooked wheaten food is popular diet of Salar.
The Salar nationality was formed by the long-term integration of the Samarkans of Central Asia who moved into Xunhua area through Xinjiang in the Yuan Dynasty and permeated the Tibetan, Hui, Han and Mongolian nationalities around them. Salar men are tall and strong with long red face, high nose, rounded eyes, thick hair and long beard.
Note 1: The English names of nationalities are compiled according to the usage of the Internet and written materials.
Note 2: The distribution of ethnic population and regions is cited from the computer aggregated data of the 2010 census of China.